As Amartya Sen reminds us, “poverty must be seen as the deprivation of basic capabilities rather than merely the lowness of incomes” (Sen 1998). This notion that poverty is multi-dimensional is set forth in the Millennium Development Goals as well as the Human Development Index, which measure not only income but also access to education, healthcare, and dignified employment.
The Poverty Reduction domain measures each country’s global citizenship commitment in three major areas: the extent to which countries have signed and ratified international conventions and agreements related to poverty reduction and development; the level of countries’ monitoring and reporting for international poverty reduction commitments and to the corresponding organizations; and the extent to which countries have implemented the principles of the conventions. In the absence of sufficient international agreements and commitments, we draw upon existing best practice standards set forth by NGOs, think tanks, and other international institutions. Implementation is generally measured by current conditions in the country and therefore looks more at results of countries’ actions regarding implementation rather than the actual process of implementation. The six indicators to measure implementation are: Income; Workforce and Employment; Health; Education; Inequality; and Poverty Reduction Policies. There is also an additional indicator to account for current events in poverty reduction.
An overview of the domain methodology and results can be found using the navigation bar to the left. More detailed information on methodology as well as individual country write-ups can be found in the complete Poverty Reduction Domain Report.