The phrase “good governance” does not have a single definitive definition. But there is a growing consensus that the phrase connotes transparent and representative systems, processes, and institutions of political decision-making.
The Good Governance domain measures each country’s global citizenship commitment in three major areas: the extent to which countries have signed and ratified international conventions and agreements related to anti-corruption and good governance; the level of countries’ monitoring and reporting on international anti-corruption groups and convention conference requirements; and the extent to which countries have implemented the principles of the conventions. In the absence of sufficient international agreements and commitments, we draw upon existing best practice standards set forth by NGOs, think tanks, and other international institutions. Implementation is generally measured by current conditions in the country and therefore looks more at results of countries’ actions regarding implementation rather than the actual process of implementation. The six indicators to measure implementation are based on a resolution passed by the UN Commission on Human Rights in 2000 that detailed what they identified as the key attributes of good governance: Transparency; Responsibility; Accountability; Participation; and Responsiveness. “Economic Justice” was added to this list due to the important role governments play in promoting economic prosperity and opportunity for their citizens. There is also an additional indicator to account for current events in good governance.
An overview of the domain methodology and results can be found using the navigation bar to the left. More detailed information on methodology as well as individual country write-ups can be found in the complete Good Governance Domain Report.